Chemical

Hierarchical Porous Titanium Nitride

A team of researchers has recently created a new bio-composite material using date palm fiber biomass, which is potential for sustainable, lightweight, and low-cost applications in automotive and marine industries for non-structural parts such as door linings and car bumpers. Unlike synthetic composites reinforced by glass and carbon fibers, the polycaprolactone (PCL) bio-composite reinforced by date palm fiber is completely renewable, recyclable, biodegradable, and sustainable, according to researchers whose work has

Smart Textiles

Scientists have recently developed thin, flexible wires with silver that may find potential application in comfortable wearable electronics and smart textiles. A group of researchers at China’s Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications have built a simple, scalable, and inexpensive technique to produce conductive fibers with good mechanical strength, high conductivity, and uniform morphology. Owing to capillary actions of fibers including nylon, cotton, and polyester yarns, the solution containing nanowires

Hypersonic Vehicles

Hypersonic vehicles can be an airplane, missile, or spacecraft that travel through the atmosphere at extremely high speeds. These vehicles create intense friction with the surrounding air, as they fly at speeds above Mach 5 which is five times faster than the speed of sound. It is technically challenging to develop structure that can withstand furnace-like temperature at such incredible high speed, especially for leading edges that bear the maximum

Lignin Composites

Scientists from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have discovered that a by-product of biorefinery processes called – lignin composites; could serve as renewable 3D printing feedstock. The new discovery has been outlined in the journal Science Advances, which extends ORNL’s achievements in the reducing the cost of bio-products by creating profitable new uses of lignin. The lignin is a form of complex organic polymers that creates structural materials in

Plastic Waste

Researchers at the Lund University have made new discoveries that plastic waste in the environment degenerates into nano-sized particles called ‘nanoplastics’. In order to mimic the degradation of plastic in the ocean, the researcher subjected takeaway coffee cup lids to mechanical breakdown. Most of the marine debris is plastic and calculations have revealed that around 10 percent of all plastic produced worldwide ends up in the sea. Such plastic waste

High-energy Magnesium Batteries

A new version of high-energy magnesium batteries may find promising applications in wide range of electric vehicles and battery storage for renewable energy systems, according to researchers at University of Houston (UH) and the Toyota Research Institute of America. The new high-energy magnesium batteries, detailed in the recent issue of journal Joule, has been reported to use an organic electrode, while operating with limited electrolytes. The researchers said that such

Ceramic Material

Scientists have recently designed a new ceramic material of high-strength that can tolerate prolonged exposure to supersonic airflow at temperatures higher than 2600 degree Celsius. The researchers from Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) said that the material they developed has excellent characteristics which is promising for application in aviation industry including the construction of nose cones and wings of the newest type of aircrafts.

Scientists Designed a Lung-inspired Mechanism to Turn Water into Fuel

In a new research, a team of scientists from Stanford University have designed an electrocatalytic mechanism based on mammalian lungs that enable conversion of water into fuel. It could help improve the efficiency of existing clean energy technologies, according to the scientists whose research work has been published in the journal Joule on December 20. Respiration process of an organism including inhalation and exhalation may have been mistaken to be

Shelf-life of Beer

Temperature fluctuations during transportation and storage of beer can result in product that taste stale by the time it reaches the customer. As reported in AZO Materials, through accelerated aging studies, shelf-life of beer can be estimated and monitor the brewing and packaging processes that ensure the quality as well as stability of the product, thereby customers experience the same taste every time they buy. Growing competition in beer and

light-bulb

Sustainable sources of energy, which are pollution free and eco-friendly, are one of the crucial challenges in the future society of the world. A team of biologists and robotics from the IIT-Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia in Pontedera at Pisa, Italy made new discoveries on living plants that can help generate electricity. The researchers said that the living plants are the source of ‘green power’ which is promising for electrical supplies